During child development, boys and girls acquire a series of capacities and abilities that allow them to learn and master skills such as speaking, jumping or tying their shoes. These skills are developed in four major reference areas for child development, which are the sensory-motor, language, cognitive and socio-affective areas.

What to do when a problem arises?

When a problem occurs in one of these areas, it is difficult to isolate it from the others, since they are interrelated and depend on each other for their proper development. For this reason, in pediatrics, when a child presents a pathology, there is a great need to carry out a multidisciplinary work coordinated between several professionals such as doctors, psychologists, occupational therapists, speech therapists and physiotherapists, among others.

Who can pediatric physical therapy help?

A pediatric physiotherapist can meet the needs of a large child population (0-18 years), with alterations in motor development caused by diseases or conditions of origin:

Neuromuscular : spinal muscular atrophy, Duchenne muscular dystrophy.

Musculo-skeletal : congenital hip dislocation, congenital torticollis, clubfoot, scoliosis.

Musculoskeletal : congenital hip dislocation, congenital torticollis, clubfoot, scoliosis.

Respiratory : bronchiolitis, cystic fibrosis, asthma.

Genetic : Down syndrome, Rett syndrome, Prader-Willi syndrome.

Prevention & Other Measures

Not only the population with a pathology can go to the physiotherapist, since one of the primary functions of pediatric physiotherapy is prevention in both infants and children who require follow-up to facilitate their proper development as in the case of premature infants , those with idiopathic psychomotor retardation, benign hypotonia, or children who tiptoe or W-sit.

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