Neurological rehabilitation aims to treat people who have lost motor, functional and brain capacity as a result of trauma, disease or disorders of the nervous system. It is about taking advantage of what is known as brain plasticity, which is the brain's ability to adapt to the limitations imposed by these types of conditions, so that the patient can re-learn to walk, speak or regain lost mobility in some parts of the body when a specific part of the brain is damaged.
Neurological physiotherapy is a branch within physiotherapy that is dedicated to the treatment of alterations and injuries caused by an affectation of the central or peripheral Nervous System and that affect movement.
Central Nervous System
Neurological physiotherapy focuses its activity on improving the mobility of the patient. To do this, it creates new neurological pathways and reinforces existing ones for movement to take place. Thus, it will treat the different motor disorders affected by an injury at the level of the Central Nervous System (CNS). These can be caused by trauma, a certain disease, or as a result of a cerebrovascular accident (CVA).
Within neurological rehabilitation, neurological physiotherapy requires communication between all the professionals involved. It is necessary to know and identify the characteristics and needs of each patient in order to make the appropriate decisions and adapt physiotherapy techniques individually. For this reason, knowledge of the different pathologies that each patient presents is essential for the professional physiotherapist.
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